From today's featured article
Did you know ...
- ... that when the United Nations Secretariat Building (pictured) was finished, its staff were described as "neither united nor very peaceful"?
- ... that after a 1968 split in the Communist Party of Italy (Marxist–Leninist), the Black Line and Red Line groups would engage in reciprocal acts of violence and vandalism?
- ... that creating visual art led Maya Pindyck to write poetry?
- ... that the Missa brevis in C by František Brixi, an 18th-century kapellmeister at Prague Cathedral, was not published until 2004?
- ... that British writer Adolphe Smith Headingley popularised the singing of the socialist anthem "The Red Flag" to the tune of "O Tannenbaum" against the wishes of its lyricist?
- ... that the late Foo Fighters member Taylor Hawkins plays the drums on the closing track of King Princess's album Hold On Baby?
- ... that during the First World War, Adrian Becher received his second Military Cross for leading the defence of a position for five days, despite having been buried by a shell explosion on the first day?
- ... that 11 years after it opened in 1993, Currambine railway station was rebuilt 60 metres (200 ft) to the east?
In the news
- The Chess Olympiad concludes with Uzbekistan winning the open event and Ukraine winning the women's event (best individual open player David Howell pictured).
- Ayman al-Zawahiri, the leader of al-Qaeda, is killed by a U.S. drone strike in Kabul, Afghanistan.
- In association football, UEFA Women's Euro 2022 concludes with England defeating Germany in the final.
- In cycling, Annemiek van Vleuten wins the Tour de France Femmes.
On this day
- 1099 – Crusades: Fatimid forces under al-Afdal Shahanshah began retreating to Egypt after the Battle of Ascalon, concluding the First Crusade.
- 1883 – The last known quagga (example pictured), a subspecies of the plains zebra, died at Natura Artis Magistra, a zoo in Amsterdam.
- 1945 – An official administrative history of the Manhattan Project, written by American physicist Henry DeWolf Smyth, was released to the public days after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
- 2000 – Kursk, an Oscar-class submarine of the Russian Navy, suffered an on-board explosion and sank in the Barents Sea during a military exercise with 118 lives lost.
- 2016 – The state-owned Taedonggang Brewing Company inaugurated the first beer festival in North Korea.
From today's featured list
There are 349 extant species, grouped into 131 genera, in Artiodactyla, an order of placental mammals consisting of even-toed ungulates – hooved animals which bear weight equally on two of their five toes with the other toes either present, absent, vestigial, or pointing posteriorly – as well as their descendants, the aquatic cetaceans. Members of this order are called artiodactyls. The order is sometimes named Cetartiodactyla, in reference to the inclusion of cetaceans in the order beginning in the 1990s. Artiodactyls live on every major landmass and throughout the oceans and in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and deserts. Artiodactyla is divided into four suborders: Ruminantia, Suina, Tylopoda, and Whippomorpha. The suborders are further subdivided into clades and families. Several artiodactyls have gone extinct in recent times, while some domesticated species, including cattle, goats, sheep, and pigs, have a worldwide distribution with population counts of greater than one billion. (Full list...)
Today's featured picture
Heart Mountain Relocation Center, located in Park County, Wyoming, was one of ten concentration camps used for the internment of Japanese Americans in the United States evicted during World War II from their local communities. The first inmates arrived in Heart Mountain on August 12, 1942. This 1943 photograph depicts the Japanese-American writer and journalist Bill Hosokawa in his barracks at Heart Mountain, accompanied by his wife Alice and their son Mike, and three members of staff. Hosakawa edited the internment camp's newspaper, The Heart Mountain Sentinel.
Photograph credit: Tom Parker; restored by Adam Cuerden